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Outline of the life safety (2021-2022, 10th grade)


When I was in school, my life safety teacher was a retired military man. Below is an outline I wrote in my 10th grade class (2021-2022) in his classes.

I want to warn English-speaking readers that this text was originally written in Russian and is intended for Russian specifics. Therefore, there may be different models of personal protective equipment in your country, and civil defense may not exist or may be called something else.

Table of contents

  1. What is civil defense?
  2. Weapons of mass destruction
    1. Nuclear weapons
    2. Chemical weapons
    3. Biological (bacteriological) weapons
  3. Conventional means of destruction
  4. Personal protective equipment
    1. Gas masks

1. What is civil defense?

Civil defense is a system of public defense activities, сonducted in peacetime and wartime to protect the population from weapons of mass destruction and other means of destruction of the enemy, and carrying out rescue operations in hotbeds of defeat and areas of natural disasters.

Tasks of civil defense:

  1. Protection of the population.
    • Public warnings.
    • Providing personal protective equipment.
    • Population evacuation.
    • The sheltering of the population in the means of complex protection.
    • Universal, compulsory training in civil defense.
  2. Ensuring sustainable operation of national economy facilities.
  3. Conducting urgent rescue and recovery operations.
  4. Protection of agricultural production.

2. Weapons of mass destruction

2.1. Nuclear weapons

  1. August 6, 1945 (08:15) - Hiroshima, "Little Boy" bomb.
    • Instant casualties: 87,000 people.
  2. August 9, 1945 - Nagasaki, "Fat Man" bomb.
    • Instant casualties: 28,000 people.
    • Deaths from radiation sickness: 300,000 (through the end of August).

Generations of nuclear weapons:

  1. Atomic (Hiroshima, Nagasaki)
  2. Thermonuclear
  3. Neutron (80% of energy is penetrating radiation)
  4. Combined
  5. Cobalt bomb (designed but not built)

Affecting factors:

2.2. Chemical weapons

Chemical weapons are weapons based on the toxic properties of chemicals and their means of delivery.

Classification of poisonous substances:

2.3. Biological (bacteriological) weapons

Biological weapons - weapons based on the use of pathogenic properties of microorganisms (viruses, bacteria, fungi) and their means of delivery.

Difficulties of the struggle:

Methods of fighting:

3. Conventional means of destruction

4. Personal protective equipment

Types of personal protective equipment:

4.1. Gas masks

Types of gas masks:

Types of filtering gas masks:

Selection of the helmet-mask:

  1. Measure the circumference of the head in centimeters.
  2. Choose the right size:
    • 0 - < 63 cm.
    • 1 - 63.5-65.5 cm.
    • 2 - 66-68 cm.
    • 3 - 68.5-70.5 cm.
    • 4 - > 71 cm.

Selection of the mask:

  1. Measure the height of the face in millimeters.
  2. Choose the right size:
    • 1 - 99-109 mm.
    • 2 - 109-119 mm.
    • 3 - > 119 mm.